Effect on pain of changing the needle prior to administering medicine intramuscularly: a randomized controlled trial


AGAC E., Gunes U. Y.

JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING, cilt.67, ss.563-568, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 67 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05513.x
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.563-568

Özet

Aim. This paper is the report of a study to determine whether changing the needle before administering an intramuscular injection could reduce pain, and to investigate gender differences in pain perception.