Synthesis, characterization, and thermal degradation kinetics of poly(styrene-co-N-maleimide isobutyl polyhedral oligosilsesquioxane)

Saltan F. , AKAT H. , ARIKAN F. S.

JOURNAL OF THERMOPLASTIC COMPOSITE MATERIALS, cilt.30, ss.490-503, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 30 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/0892705715604676
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.490-503


This study demonstrated that poly(styrene-co-N-maleimide isobutyl polyhedral oligosilsesquioxane (POSS)) (P(S-co-NMIP)) was successfully prepared using free radical polymerization. For this purpose, firstly, N-maleimide isobutyl POSS (NMIP) was synthesized using aminopropyllsobutyl POSS (POSS-NH2) and maleic anhydride. Secondly, P(S-co-NMIP) was synthesized using styrene, NMIP, and 2,2-azobis(isobutyronitrile) as initiator in tetrahydrofuran for 24 h at 75 degrees C to give copolymer. The synthesized polymer and compounds were characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance, gel permeation chromatography, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Thermal behaviors of P(S-co-NMIP) were analyzed using thermogravimetric and differential scanning calorimetric analyses. The apparent activation energies (Es) for thermal degradation of P(S-co-NMIP) were obtained by integral methods (Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO) and Kissinger). P(S-co-NMIP) was heated thermogravimetrically under various heating rates such as 5, 10, 15, and 20 degrees C min(-1) at a temperature range of 30-1000 degrees C to determine their thermal degradation mechanisms. The values of E for P(S-co-NMIP) were found to be 127.5 +/- 2.3 and 134.4 +/- 14.8 kJ mol(-1) for FWO and Kissinger methods, respectively. Also, the values of E of synthesized copolymer (P(S-co-NMIP)) were compared with styrene-co-maleic anhydride copolymer in literature.