BACKGROUND: Myiasis complication of diabetic foot ulcer has only been presented in a few case reports. Therefore, there is a need for additional data on this infestation.
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate clinical characteristics of human myiasis in patients with diabetic foot.
SETTINGS: A tertiary referral healthcare institution and a diabetic foot center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with diabetic foot infection complicated by myiasis who were admitted between June 2012 and July 2017. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Bacterial infection rate, accompanying bacterial agents, amputation (morbidity) and mortality rate. SAMPLE SIZE: 18. RESULTS: Eight (44.4%) of the patients were female. Sixteen (88.9%) had moderate-to-severe infections; 15 (83.3%) had necrotic tissue. Larval debridement therapy was performed on all patients at the bedside in consecutive sessions. A third-stage larva of Calliphora was detected in one case (5.6%). Second- and third-stage larvae of Lucilia sericata were detected in 5 (27.8%) and 7 (38.9%) patients, respectively. All the patients had a bacterial infection with myiasis. Twelve (66.7%) patients underwent amputation. Three (16.7%) patients died. Myiasis was more frequent in the months of May, June and July.
CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the largest reported series of
cases of diabetic foot with myiasis. The most common parasitic agent
was Lucilia sericata. Bacterial soft tissue infections were observed in all
cases. Poor hygienic conditions were noteworthy and all patients were
in need of radical surgery. Myiasis complication of diabetic foot is more
frequently seen in the spring and summer.