Physical activity is a substantial method in the management of children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes mellitus but it is not considered as a treatment for diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Pilates exercises on metabolic control and physical performance in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Thirty one sedentary patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, ranging in age from 12 to 17 (experimental group, n = 17 and control group, n = 14) were submitted to 12 weeks of Pilates training. Participants underwent tests to determine the physical performance and metabolic control before and after 12 weeks of Pilates session. At the end of study, there were significant alterations in physical performance of the study group. Peak power, mean power, vertical jump and flexibility of study group increased. There were no alterations for this parameters in the control group. There was no significant difference for glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in both groups. Conclusions: Physical performance increased via Pilates exercises in the patients with type 1 DM. However there were no changes in metabolic control. In the present study, the positive effects of exercise on metabolic control could not be shown in patients with Type 1 DM. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.