Exergoeconomic analysis of a vehicular PEM fuel cell system


MERT S. O. , DINCER I., Ozcelik Z.

JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, cilt.165, ss.244-252, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 165 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.12.002
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.244-252

Özet

In this study, we deal with the exergoeconomic analysis of a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell power system for transportation applications. The PEM fuel cell performance model, that is the polarization curve, is previously developed by one of the authors by using the some derived and developed equations in literature. The exergoeconomic analysis includes the PEM fuel cell stack and system components as compressor, humidifiers, pressure regulator and the cooling system. A parametric study is also conducted to investigate the system performance and cost behaviour of the components, depending on the operating temperature, operating pressure, membrane thickness, anode stoichiometry and cathode stoichiometry. For the system performance, energy and exergy efficiencies and power output are investigated in detail. It is found that with an increase of temperature and pressure and a decrease of membrane thickness the system efficiency increases which leads to a decrease in the overall production cost. The minimization of the production costs is very crucial in commercialization of the fuel cells in transportation sector. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.