We determined the incidence and causes of clinical and angiographic cystoid macular edema (CME) after uncomplicated phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation in otherwise normal eyes. This study comprised 252 eyes of 252 patients who had uncomplicated phacoemulsification with continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis and in-the-bag acrylic intraocular lens implantation. The presence of clinical and angiographic CME was evaluated 45 days after surgery, using fundus fluorescein angiography. Age, sex, cataract type, iris color, and real phacoemulsification time of the patients were also recorded. The mean age of the patients was 69.86 (range 60-82) years). Clinical CME was not detected in any eye at any postoperative visit. There were 23 cases with angiographic CME (9.1%). There were no significant differences between the groups who were later found to be angiographically CME-positive or CME-negative in any variable recorded (p > 0.05). The incidences of clinical and angiographic CME after uncomplicated phacoemulsification were 0 and 9.1%, respectively. These results indicate that the occurrence of clinical CME has greatly reduced after uncomplicated phacoemulsification operations, but the incidence of angiographic CME is still nearly equal to the incidence of the extracapsular technique. Copyright (C) 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel.