The locality of Esendere, in the Karaburun peninsula, west of Izmir, Turkey, yielded a small mammalian fauna of early Turolian (Late Miocene) age that is especially interesting because it includes two new species of Carnivores. Protictitherium aegaeum n. sp. is one of the latest representatives of this group, which survived later in Turkey than elsewhere. Promeles smyrnensis n. sp. differs by its skull and upper tooth morphology from the two previously known species from continental Greece, but looks closer to the Samos form, and perhaps also to "Mustela" palaeosinensis from China.