Quantitative paper-based dot blot assay for spike protein detection using fuchsine dye-loaded polymersomes

Ghorbanizamani F., Moulahoum H., Zihnioglu F. , Evran S., Cicek C. , Sertoz R., ...More

BIOSENSORS & BIOELECTRONICS, vol.192, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 192
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.bios.2021.113484
  • Keywords: Paper-based colorimetric assay, Biosensor, Dye-loaded polymersome, Biofunctionalization, SARS-CoV-2, LATERAL FLOW ASSAY, IN-VITRO, ANTIBODY, AMPLIFICATION, TECHNOLOGIES, CARE


Real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)-based assays are the gold standard for virus diagnosis. Point-of-care (POC) technologies have shown great progress during this period. Herein, we propose a novel fuchsine dye-loaded polymersome for a colorimetric paper-based dot blot spike protein diagnostic assay for COVID-19 via smartphone-assisted sensing. The prepared platform aimed to create an adaptable tool that competes with traditional nanoparticle-based assays employing gold and silver. Analytical characterization and application of the testing platform showed high sensitivity (10 times better than gold nanoparticles), stability, fast turnaround, and reproducibility. The potential and possibilities demonstrated by the current platform could be observed in its adaptability for different markers and pathologies. In addition, smartphone-assisted sensing emphasizes the ability to use the tool at home by common peoples which can lower the burden on the healthcare facilities and reach more underdeveloped regions.