Different kinds of organophosphorous compounds (OP) are used as pesticides in Turkish agriculture. Suicidal. accidental, or occupational exposure may occur in developing countries. OP inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activities; on the other hand, serum paraoxonase (PON1) hydrolyzes the toxic metabolites of a variety of OP. In recent years, some studies have shown that PON1 activity is an important marker in individuals who are exposed to OP. Both serum cholinesterase and PON1 activities were measured spectrophotometrically from 18 male agricultural workers who were chronically exposed to azinphos methyl, chlorpyriphos, or malathion and other pesticides during cereal spraying, transportation, and storage. The individuals were classified according to PON1 phenotypes using the antimode 60% stimulation method to determine the dividing point between non-salt-stimulated, A type (homozygotes for the low-activity allele), and salt-stimulated AB (heterozygotes) and B types (homozygotes for the high-activity allele). A positive correlation was found between AChE activities and percent of PON1 stimulation. The individuals with phenotype A had the lowest enzyme activities. This study suggests that individuals with phenotype A might be more sensitive to OP-induced toxicity.