Development of High Accuracy Classifier for the Speaker Recognition System

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Al-Hassani R. T. , Atilla D. C. , Aydin Ç.

APPLIED BIONICS AND BIOMECHANICS, vol.2021, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2021
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1155/2021/5559616


Speech signal is enriched with plenty of features used for biometrical recognition and other applications like gender and emotional recognition. Channel conditions manifested by background noise and reverberation are the main challenges causing feature shifts in the test and training data. In this paper, a hybrid speaker identification model for consistent speech features and high recognition accuracy is made. Features using Mel frequency spectrum coefficients (MFCC) have been improved by incorporating a pitch frequency coefficient from speech time domain analysis. In order to enhance noise immunity, we proposed a single hidden layer feed-forward neural network (FFNN) tuned by an optimized particle swarm optimization (OPSO) algorithm. The proposed model is tested using 10-fold cross-validation over different levels of Adaptive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) (0-50 dB). A recognition accuracy of 97.83% was obtained from the proposed model in clean voice environments. However, a noisy channel is realized with lesser impact on the proposed model as compared with other baseline classifiers such as plain-FFNN, random forest (RF), K-nearest neighbour (KNN), and support vector machine (SVM).