Karadeniz Araştırmaları, cilt.5, ss.73-95, 2009 (Diğer Kurumların Hakemli Dergileri)
After the 1831 Polish uprising against occupant Russia, many Poles were convicted to
serve as military in the Russian Caucasian troops. They considered themselves as captives
under the Russian army. Thus, some Poles preferred to change their sides to support the local
Caucasian resisting forces, instead of dying under the flag of Russia, which had invaded their
own country, too. In this way, those convicted Poles fought with each other, too, on the posts of
the Russians against the Montaineers, and among the Montaineers against the Russians.