The effect of different concentrations of pre-harvest gibberellic acid on the quality and durability of 'Obilnaja' and 'Black Star' plum varieties


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HARMAN Y., ŞEN F.

FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, cilt.36, ss.362-368, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 36 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1590/1678-457x.0108
  • Dergi Adı: FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.362-368

Özet

The research work aimed at investigating the effect of pre-harvest gibberellic acid (GA3) treatment on the quality of 'Obilnaja' and 'Black Star' Japanese plum varieties. GA3 was sprayed onto the trees during the fruit color break at 0, 25, 50, 75, and 100 ppm concentrations. After pre-cooling, the plums were placed in modified atmosphere packages and exposed to the following conditions as follows: short storage-transportation (ST) [20 days at 2 degrees C and 90% relative humidity (RH)]; distribution center (DC) (5 days at 6 degrees C and 80% RH), and shelf life conditions (SL) (2 days at 20 degrees C and 70% RH). Pre-harvest GA3 treatments increased the fruit weight and size. Treatment of GA3 at 50, 75, and 100 ppm increased the fruit flesh firmness and total soluble substances (TSS) values in both the plum varieties during storage, transport, and marketing; it also limited the weight loss during the marketing process. Treatment of GA3 had no significant effects on the color, titratable acidity (TA), and the total phenolic and antioxidant activity values of plums. Pre-harvest GA3 treatment at 50 ppm GA3 can be thus recommended for both the plum varieties due to its effect on the fruit quality.