Effect of valproic acid on miRNAs affecting histone deacetylase in a model of anaplastic thyroid cancer


SELVİ GÜNEL N. , Birden N., Kurt C. C. , GÖKER BAĞCA B. , Shademan B., Sogutlu F., ...More

MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTS, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11033-021-06616-2
  • Title of Journal : MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTS
  • Keywords: Anaplastic thyroid cancers, Valproic acid, miRNA, Histone deacetylase, SQUAMOUS-CELL CARCINOMA, DOWN-REGULATION, UP-REGULATION, MICRORNA, EXPRESSION, PROLIFERATION, APOPTOSIS, MIGRATION, INVASION, TARGETS

Abstract

Background Thyroid cancer is the most common malignant tumor of the endocrine system seen in the thyroid gland. More than 90% of thyroid cancers comprise papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and follicular thyroid cancer (FTC). Although anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) accounts for less than 2% of thyroid cancer. But patients' lifespan after diagnosis is about 6 months. Surgical interventions, radioactive iodine use, and chemotherapy are not sufficient in the treatment of ATC, so alternative therapies are needed. Methods and results The WST-1 assay test was performed to evaluate the anti-proliferative effects of Valproic acid (VPA). Also, the effect of VPA on miRNAs affecting histone deacetylase was determined by Quantitative RT-PCR. In the SW1736 cell line, IC50 dose for VPA was found 1.6 mg/ml. In our study, the level of oncogenic genes expression in cells treated with VPA, including miR-184, miR-222-5p, miR-124-3p, and miR-328-3p, decreased. Also, the expression of tumor inhibitory genes including miR-323-5p, miR-182-5p, miR-138-5p, miR-217, miR-15a-5p, miR-29b-3p, miR-324-5p and miR-101-5p increased significantly. Conclusions VPA can ad-just countless gene expression patterns, including microRNAs (miRNAs), by targeting histone deacetylase (HDAC). However, further studies are required for more accurate results.