Ultrasound assisted extraction of polysaccharides from hazelnut skin

Yilmaz T., TAVMAN Ş.

FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, cilt.22, ss.112-121, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 22 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/1082013215572415
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.112-121


In this study ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE) of polysaccharides from hazelnut skin has been studied. Optimum sonication time has been evaluated depending on responses such as amount of carbohydrate and dried sample and thermogravimetric analysis. Chemical and structural properties of extracted material have been determined by Fourier transform spectroscopy attenuated-total reflectance (FTIR-ATR) spectroscopy. Pretreated hazelnut skin powders were extracted in distilled water. Mixture was sonicated by ultrasonic processor probe for 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120min. The results of UAE showed that maximum ethanol insoluble extracts in 60min and the highest dry matter content could be obtained in 120min extraction. Although total carbohydrate content of ethanol insoluble dry extract decreased with time, total carbohydrate in ethanol soluble fraction increased. Polysaccharides extracted from hazelnut skin were assumed to be pectic polysaccharide according to the literature survey of FTIR analysis result. Application time of UAE has an important effect on extraction of polysaccharide from hazelnut skin. This affect could be summarized by enhancing extraction yield up to critical level. Decrease of the yield in ethanol insoluble part could be explained by polymer decomposition. Most suitable model was hyperbolic model by having the lowest root mean square error and the highest R-2 values.