Sonographic guide for botulinum toxin injections of the lower limb: EUROMUSCULUS/USPRM spasticity approach


KAYMAK B., KARA M., Tok F., Ulasli A. M. , Ozturk G. T. , Chang K., ...Daha Fazla

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE, cilt.54, ss.486-498, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 54 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.23736/s1973-9087.17.04667-6
  • Dergi Adı: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.486-498

Özet

The pertinent literature lacks overt technical data for optimal lower limb muscle botulinum toxin injections using ultrasound (US) imaging. Therefore, this guide is prepared for the commonly injected muscles of the lower limb and the pelvic girdle mainly in spasticity. It includes clinical information, anatomical description and explanation regarding the US imaging of several muscles. The figures have been organized to orient the readers on the innervation zones, injection sites, probe positionings and the US images simultaneously.