Polythiophene-Clay Composite Solid-Phase Microextraction Fiber: Preparation, Characterization, and Application to the Determination of Methanol in Biodiesel

PELİT L. , YILMAZ B., TATLI A. Y. , PELİT F. , DIZDAS T. N. , OZDOKUR K. V. , ...Daha Fazla

ANALYTICAL LETTERS, cilt.49, ss.896-906, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 49 Konu: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/00032719.2015.1039016
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.896-906


A novel polymer-clay composite solid phase microextraction fiber is reported for the adsorption of methanol in biodiesel with subsequent determination by gas chromatography coupled with a flame ionization detector. The fiber was fabricated using a stainless steel wire that was subjected to electropolymerization in 0.1mol NaClO4 containing thiophene and montmorillonite clay dispersed in acetonitrile. Electrochemical deposition was maintained by cycling the potential from -0.2 to +2.2V at a scan rate of 50mV/sec. Examination of the surface by scanning electron microscopy revealed that the fiber had a porous surface suitable for the adsorption of volatile analytes. The properties of the fiber were investigated by thermogravimetric analysis and infrared spectroscopy that showed that the clay was inserted in the structure. The fiber was exposed to methanol in biodiesel. The adsorption time, adsorption temperature, and desorption temperature were optimized. Under the optimized conditions, the linear dynamic range for methanol extended from 0.029 to 0.24% (m/m) with a limit of detection of 0.009% (m/m). The method was employed for the analysis of biodiesel and the results were validated with a standard EN 14110 method.