In vitro incorporation studies of Tc-99m-alendronate sodium at different bone cell lines


GUNDOGDU E., ILEM-OZDEMIR D. , AŞIKOĞLU M.

JOURNAL OF RADIOANALYTICAL AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY, cilt.299, ss.1255-1260, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 299 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10967-013-2833-z
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF RADIOANALYTICAL AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1255-1260

Özet

Bisphosphonates can be labeled with Technetium-99m (Tc-99m) and are used for bone imaging because of their good localization in the skeleton and rapid clearance from soft tissues. Over the last decades bone scintigraphy has been used extensively in the evaluation of oncological patients to provide information about the sites of bone lesions, their prognosis and the effectiveness of therapy by showing the sequential changes in tracer uptake. Since the lesion visualization and lesion/bone ratio are important utilities for a bone scanning radiopharmaceutic; in this study incorporation of Tc-99m labeled alendronate sodium (Tc-99m-ALD) was evaluated in U2OS (human bone osteosarcoma) and NCI-H209 (human bone carcinoma) cell lines. ALD was directly labeled by Tc-99m, radiochemical purity and stability of the complex were analyzed by radioactive thin layer chromatography and radioactive high performance liquid chromatography studies. For cell incorporation study, NCI-H209 and U2OS cell lines were used with standard cell culture methods. The six well plates were used for all experiments and the integrity of each cell monolayer was checked by measuring its transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) with an epithelial voltammeter. Results confirmed that ALD was successfully radiolabeled with Tc-99m. Tc-99m-ALD incorporated with NCI-H209 and U2OS cells. The uptake percentages of Tc-99m-ALD in NCI-H209 and U2OS cell lines were found significantly different. Since Tc-99m-ALD highly uptake in cancer cell line, the results demonstrated that radiolabeled ALD may be a promising agent for bone cancer diagnosis.