This study describes the histopathological effects of carbaryl in the spleen of Levantine frog, Pelophylax bedriage. Due to its primary role in immune system, it is important to research the toxic effects of pesticides, which play an important role in environmental pollution, on spleen. To that end, adult frogs were exposed to carbaryl for 96 h. Experimental groups contained low dose, (0.05 mg/g), medium dose (0.1 mg/g) and high dose (0.2 mg/g). After following exposure to carbaryl, the frogs were euthanised and dissected. In low-dose group, there were no important changes in spleen tissue. In medium-dose group, prominence in haemorrhage just below the capsule and an increase in the melanomacrophage number were determined. In high-dose group, in addition to increases in the melanomacrophages, separations in capsule, haemorrhage below capsule and within splenic tissue, sinusoidal enlargement, congestion in dilated sinusoid, hypertrophic plasma cells and fibrosis were determined as important histological lesions in exposed frogs. This study clearly showed that carbaryl caused important histopathological damages in splenic tissue of Pelophylax bedriagae. In view of these findings, it can be said that this insecticide has the capacity to disrupt spleen' functions.