COMPARISON OF NUTRIENT UPTAKE BY STRAWBERRY (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) VARIETIES ACCORDING TO PHENOLOGICAL STAGES


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Erdoğan Bayram S. , Elmacı Ö. L.

Acta Scientiarum Polonorum-Hortorum Cultus, vol.20, no.1, pp.49-59, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Title of Journal : Acta Scientiarum Polonorum-Hortorum Cultus
  • Page Numbers: pp.49-59

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the amounts of nutrient elements taken up from the soil to the

roots, stems and leaves, in five different growing periods and to the fruits in the harvesting period, in two different

strawberry cultivars. For this purpose, ten plantations were selected for each cultivar. The roots, stems

and leaves were separated and the amounts of nutrient elements taken up by each part was determined according

to the development period. In this study, which was conducted over two years, the physico-chemical

characteristics of the soils of the plantations from which the samples taken were determined. In both cultivars,

the largest amounts of the macronutrients nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium and magnesium and of the micronutrient

manganese were taken up at all phenological stages by the leaves, followed by the roots and stems. The

amounts of potassium that taken up were as follows in the order of most to least: at the beginning and in the

harvest period, leaves, stems and roots; in other periods, leaves, roots and stems. For the nutrient elements

iron, copper and zinc, this comparison showed variation between parts of the plants according to year, variety

and period. In general, statistically significant correlations were found between the nutrient elements taken

up at different periods by different parts of the plant of different varieties in both years. Significant differences

were shown among the years in the amounts of N, P, K, Ca and Mg taken up by the fruits of the Camarosa

variety, and of Fe only by the Festival variety.