Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remain the main cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. A common polymorphism c.677C > T has been identified in the gene coding for methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), which is involved in the remethylation of homocysteine, and may predispose to CVDs. A meta-analysis was performed to estimate the risk of CVDs associated with MTHFR c.677C > T in Turkish population. Published studies were retrieved from PubMed, Science Citation Index/Expanded, Google Scholar, Turkish Medline, and the Turkish Council of Higher Education Theses Database. For each study, we calculated odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals (CI), assuming frequency of allele and homozygote comparison, dominant and recessive genetic models. Thirty-one separate studies were included and 2.780 cases/3.022 controls were involved in the current meta-analysis. Significant association was found between c.677C > T polymorphism and risk of CVD when all studies pooled with random-effects model for T versus C (OR 1.33; 95 % CI 1.11-1.59; p = 0.002), TT vs. CC (OR 1.87; 95 % CI 1.35-2.60; p = 3.53E-04), TT+CT vs. CC (OR 1.32; 95 % CI 1.06-1.64; p = 0.014) and TT vs. CT+CC (OR 1.75; 95 % CI 1.29-2.37; p = 6.57E-04). Further analysis indicated the significant association between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) TT genotype and groups with venous thrombosis, peripheral arterial thrombosis, acute MI/MI. No publication bias was observed in any comparison model. Our results of meta-analysis suggest that MTHFR c.677C > T polymorphism is associated with the CVDs in Turkish population.