Background: Glycogen storage disease type III (GSD III; MIM #232400) is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder characterized by fasting hypoglycemia, growth retardation, hepatomegaly, progressive myopathy, and cardiomyopathy. GSD III is caused by deficiency in the glycogen debranching enzyme (gene symbol: AGL). Molecular analyses of AGL have indicated heterogeneity depending on ethnic groups. In Turkey we reported 13 different AGL mutations from GSD III patients in the Eastern region; however, the full spectrum of AGL mutations in Turkish population remains unclear. Here we investigated 12 GSD III patients mostly from Western Turkey.