An Investigation of the Effect of the Communication Skills of the Children with Intellectual Disability to the Anxiety Level of Their Mothers

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Piştav Akmeşe P. , Kayhan H. N.

Universal Journal of Educational Research, cilt.4, ss.2411-2419, 2016 (Diğer Kurumların Hakemli Dergileri)

  • Cilt numarası: 4 Konu: 10
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.13189/ujer.2016.041021
  • Dergi Adı: Universal Journal of Educational Research
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.2411-2419


Abstract Communication in the family environment is

highly important for every child although their cognitive,

emotional, social and language development characteristics

differ. The children are able to communicate with the adults

who take the most or the caregivers in the mother’s role in

terms of development in the family environment in most

cultures. This role is generally carried out by the mothers. It

has been known that the communication skills of the

children with intellectual disabilities differ from their peers

and they have restrictions in receptive language and

expressive language. The mothers feel stressed and because

of the effects of the communication skills resulting from

intellectual disability, they feel anxious in the education and

rehabilitation process due to the disability of the children.

This study, which aimed to examine the relationship

between the effect of the intellectual disability of the

children to their communication skills and the anxiety level

of their mothers, was performed in the descriptive survey

model. 259 mothers who had a child diagnosed with an

intellectual disability between 4-18 years of age,

participated in this research. The research data were

collected using Communication Function Classification

System (CFCS) which describes daily communication skills

in 5 levels. The anxiety levels of the mothers have been

evaluated by Questionnaire on Resources and Stress for

Families with Chronically III or Handicapped Members

(QRS). When the effect of the communication levels

(CFCS), age and gender of the children on the anxiety level

of the mothers was examined, it was determined that CFCS

levels of the children and age alone have a statistically

significant effect on the anxiety level of the mothers, but the

gender does not result in a statistically significant effect. It

has been stated that CFCS and gender together have a

statistically significant effect on the anxiety levels of the

mothers. In this study, which examines the communication

skills of the children with intellectual disability together

with the effect of the disability on the anxiety level of the

mothers, the anxiety levels of the mothers differ in

accordance with the age, gender and communication

function levels of the children. The findings of this study

are thought to be able to contribute to programs and

teaching regulations which decrease the anxiety of the

mothers and to support the communication skills of the


Keywords Intellectual Disability, Communication

Performance, Anxiety, Communication Function

Classification System (CFCS)