Adductor T and H reflexes in humans

Ertekin C., Bademkiran F. , TATAROGLU C., Aydogdu I. , KARAPINARS N.

MUSCLE & NERVE, cilt.34, ss.640-645, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 34 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2006
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/mus.20648
  • Dergi Adı: MUSCLE & NERVE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.640-645


In the belief that changes in the adductor reflex (AR) may be helpful in evaluating lumbar root and plexus lesions, expression of the AR was studied in 43 healthy human subjects. ARs elicited with an electronic reflex hammer were recorded from the inner side of the proximal thigh using needle and surface electrodes, and patellar reflexes (PRs) were recorded simultaneously. These reflexes were obtained by tapping the ipsilateral medial aspect of the knee, the contralateral patellar tendon, the ipsilateral and contralateral anterior superior iliac spines, and the Achilles tendon. The H reflex of the obturator nerve was also evaluated in 17 cases. ARs were evoked consistently by tapping the ipsilateral medial aspect of the knee and by contralateral patellar tap, and by tapping ipsilateral and contralateral anterior superior iliac spines when a needle recording electrode was used. Sometimes an Achilles tendon tap also elicited the AR ipsilaterally. By contrast, the PR could only be elicited by a tap to the ipsilateral patellar tendon. ARs have somewhat different features than other well-known tendon reflexes such as the PR and are recorded consistently when a needle electrode is used, being elicited from both distal and proximal areas of the legs by tapping the Achilles tendon or anterior superior iliac spines unilaterally or bilaterally. Their role in evaluating lumbar root disease and monitoring adductor spasticity merits investigation.