Mineralogy, geochemistry and expansion testing of an alkali-reactive basalt from western Anatolia, Turkey

Çopuroğlu O., Andic-Cakir O. , BROEKMANS M. A. T. M. , KUHNEL R.

MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION, vol.60, no.7, pp.756-766, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 60 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.matchar.2008.09.011
  • Page Numbers: pp.756-766


In this paper, the alkali-silica reaction performance of a basalt rock from western Anatolia, Turkey is reported. it is observed that the rock causes severe gel formation in the concrete microbar test. it appears that the main source of expansion is the reactive glassy phase of the basalt matrix having approximately 70% of SiO(2). The study presents the microstructural characteristics of unreacted and reacted basalt aggregate by optical and electron microscopy and discusses the possible reaction mechanism. Microstructural analysis revealed that the dissolution of silica is overwhelming in the matrix of the basalt and it eventually generates four consequences: (1) Formation of alkali-silica reaction gel at the aggregate perimeter, (2) increased porosity and permeability of the basalt matrix, (3) reduction of mechanical properties of the aggregate and (4) additional gel formation within the aggregate. It is concluded that the basalt rock is highly prone to alkali-silica reaction. As an aggregate, this rock is not suitable for concrete production. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved