Description of by-catch species from the coastal shrimp beam trawl fishery in Turkey


ZENGIN M., Akyol O.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY, cilt.25, ss.211-214, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 25 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2009.01218.x
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.211-214

Özet

Seasonal landings and survey data from the Turkish shrimp beam trawl fishery were analyzed. A total of 32 valid hauls from twelve boats were analyzed 17 in autumn, 12 in spring and three in winter. The estimated by-catch to shrimp ratios exhibited a seasonal pattern, with autumn having the highest ratio. In total, the by-catch consisted of 57 species belonging to six groups of marine fauna, including Osteichthyes (25 species), Chondrichthyes (three species), Crustacea (six species), Mollusca (11 species), Cephalopoda (five species) and Echinodermata (seven species). The Osteichthyes form the most abundant (52.6%) by-catch group, followed by Crustacea > Chondrichthyes > Echinodermata > Cephalopoda > and Mollusca. Whiting, Merlangius merlangus euxinus and hake, Merluccius merluccius dominated in the commercially utilized part of the by-catch, while swimming crab, Leocarcinus depurator and gobies, Gobius bucchichi, G. niger dominated the discarded part of catches. The mean catch per unit effort (CPUE) obtained from all hauls was 5.91 +/- 0.62 kg h(-1). There were no statistically significant differences among mean CPUE values per season (P > 0.05).