The use of alloplastic materials in plastic surgery has become more extensive with advancement of autogenoustissue reconstruction techniques for the repair of defects, tissue augmentation, and the stabilization of bones. An ideal alloplastic material should be nonallergenic, noncarcinogenic, sterilizable, and easy to shape and should not cause rejection. Alloplastic material used for tissue augmentation should have a low rate of resorption and distortion. High-density porous polyethylene implants (Medpor) have been used widely and successfully for tissue augmentation. The Turkish Delight is a material composed of diced cartilage grafts wrapped in oxidized regenerated cellulose (Surgicel). Its indications are similar to those of the Medpor implant, and an additional donor site is usually not needed. Both materials are used in the same anatomical locations, especially for augmentation. Therefore, the authors evaluated the long-term stability of and suitable anatomical sites for these materials. Medpor implants or Turkish Delights were placed subperiosteally or subfascially in 10 young rabbits, and the resultant changes were evaluated 16 weeks after the operation by macroscopy and histopathology. Changes in projections were measured with an ocular micrometer. Medpor implants were neither resorbed nor distorted when placed subperiosteally or subfascially, and were highly stabilized by the surrounding tissues. Turkish Delight also enabled tissue augmentation, but had a significantly higher rate of resorption compared with the Medpor implant and was loosely bound to the surrounding tissue. The Turkish Delight was less resorbed and better fixed to adjacent tissues when placed subperiosteally than when placed subfascially.