cfDNA in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and contamination by ambient air: toward volatile biopsies

Koc A., Goksel T. , Pelit L. , Korba K. , Dizdas T., Baysal E., ...Daha Fazla

JOURNAL OF BREATH RESEARCH, cilt.13, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 13 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1088/1752-7163/ab17ff


Exhaled breath is a source of volatile and nonvolatile biomarkers in the body that can be accessed non-invasively and used for monitoring. The collection of lung secretions by conventional methods such as bronchoalveolar lavage, induced sputum collection, and core biopsies is limited by the invasive nature of these methods. Non-invasive collection of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) provides fluid samples that are representative of airway lining fluids. Various volatile and nonvolatile biomarkers can be detected in volatile condensates, such as H2O2, nitric oxide, lipid mediators, cytokines, chemokines, DNA, and microRNAs. Studies have examined cell-freeDNA(cfDNA) in plasma samples from non-small-cell lung cancer patients, offering to new insights and fostering development of the liquid biopsy. However, few studies have examined cfDNA in EBC samples. This study examined whether EBC is an appropriate source of cfDNA using housekeeping-gene-specific primer probes and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in healthy subjects. Ambient (room) air is contaminated with DNA, so caution is needed. Preliminary studies indicated that volatile biopsies are becoming an important diagnostic tool in lung cancer.