Persistence and behavior of pesticides in cotton production in Turkish soils


Turgut C., Erdogan O., Ates D. , Gokbulut C., Cutright T. J.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, vol.162, pp.201-208, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 162
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10661-009-0788-x
  • Title of Journal : ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
  • Page Numbers: pp.201-208

Abstract

Turkey is the sixth largest producer of cotton in the world. Two of the most commonly applied pesticides used in cotton production are trifluralin and endosulfan. Although both are very effective at controlling pests, their persistence in the environment poses risks to human health and the environment. Four loam soils and one silty-loam soil were studied to evaluate the persistence of trifluralin and endosulfan in relation to soil characteristics. Degradation with trifluralin reached as high as 70% of the applied doses. Soils with the highest organic matter content had the lowest degradation rate, indicating a tighter sorption of trifluralin. Endosulfan degradation was a function of soil type and the specific isomer, with beta-endosulfan depicting the highest degradation.