Encapsulation of PEG-urease/PEG-AlaDH enzyme system in erythrocyte


Baysal Ş. , Uslan A.

ARTIFICIAL CELLS BLOOD SUBSTITUTES AND IMMOBILIZATION BIOTECHNOLOGY, vol.29, no.5, pp.405-412, 2001 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Doi Number: 10.1081/bio-100106924
  • Title of Journal : ARTIFICIAL CELLS BLOOD SUBSTITUTES AND IMMOBILIZATION BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.405-412

Abstract

No intravenously injectable enzyme preparate containing urease as an alternetive to hemodialysis, hemperfusion and CAPD systems in patients having chronic renal failure has been encountered in literature. In this study, it has been aimed to convert blood urea to alanine by using PEG-urease/PEG-AlaDH enzyme pair encapsulated within living erythrocyte. In this system, urea is decomposed into NH3 and HCO3- and the ammonia released is converted into alanine by reacting pyruvate under the catalytic action of alaninedehydrogenase. The production of pyruvate and NADH by erythrocyte required in the second stage of the reaction will make the process a feasible and ceaseless one. The success of the system will enable the renal patients with diabetes mellitus. Urease and AlaDH were covalently immobilized on activated PEG. PEG-urease/PEG-AlaDH were encapsulated in erythrocyte (1/1)(v/v) by using slow dialysis methods. The activity of enzyme system, encapsulation yield and hemogram analysis were determined for each sample.