An inhibition type amperometric biosensor based on tyrosinase enzyme for fluoride determination


TALANTA, cilt.78, ss.553-556, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier


In this study, a new biosensor based on the inhibition of tyrosinase for the determination of fluoride is described. To construct the biosensor tyrosinase was immobilized by using gelatine and cross-linking agent glutaraldehyde on a Clark type dissolved oxygen (DO) probe covered with a teflon membrane which is sensitive for oxygen. The phosphate buffer (50 mM, pH 7.0) at 30 degrees C were established as providing the optimum working conditions. The method is based on the measurement of the decreasing of dissolved oxygen level of the interval surface that related to fluoride concentration added into reaction medium in the presence of catechol. Inhibitor effect of fluoride results in decrease in dissolved oxygen concentration. The biosensor response depends linearly on fluoride concentration between 1.0 and 20 mu M with a response time of 3 min.