The common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important food legume throughout the world. Because of the conservation across different plant species, it is possible to evaluate the degree of genetic diversity in the common bean using gene-based marker techniques. The lipoxygenase (LOX) and resistance gene analog (RGA) genes play an important role in the response to biotic and abiotic stresses. Eighty-six common bean accessions were genotyped using gene-based LOX and RGA markers. The total number of polymorphic bands ranged from 193 for LOX to 17 for RGA markers. We detected considerable diversity with a mean of 8.7 alleles per primer for the LOX analysis. For the RGA markers, the number of alleles per polymorphic locus varied from 1 to 4 with an average allele number of 2.8. The genetic similarity between the accessions based on the LOX and RGA markers ranged from 0.12 to 0.55. Using STRUCTURE, 3 groups were revealed among the accessions. The results of this study should provide valuable information for future studies on the genetic diversity of common bean accessions and for association mapping studies examining the relationships between the genotypic and phenotypic traits related to the stress response. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.