THE PROXIMATE COMPOSITION AND SOME MINOR CONSTITUENTS OF POPPY SEEDS


NERGİZ C., OTLES S.

JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE, cilt.66, ss.117-120, 1994 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 66 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 1994
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/jsfa.2740660202
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.117-120

Özet

The proximate chemical composition of poppy seeds, along with minerals and water-soluble vitamins content was investigated. The compositions of the fatty acids and tocopherols of the extracted oil were also determined. The proximate analysis of poppy seeds showed the following composition: (440 g kg(-1)), protein (211 g kg(-1)), moisture (50 g kg(-1)), ash (63 g kg(-1)), crude fibre (62 g kg(-1)) and total carbohydrates (236 g kg(-1)). Potassium and calcium were the predominant elements in the poppy seeds. Linoleic acid was the major unsaturated fatty acid (750 g kg(-1) total fatty acids) while palmitic acid was the main saturated one (86.4 g kg(-1)). The amounts of alpha-, beta- and delta-tocopherols found in poppy seed oil were 220 mu g g(-1), 40 mu g g(-1) and 20 mu g g(-1), respectively. Among the water-soluble vitamins determined, pantothenic acid was found at the highest level followed by niacin and thiamin.