Application of environmetric methods to investigate control factors on water quality

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Boyacioglu H., BOYACIOĞLU H.

ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, cilt.43, ss.17-23, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 43 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1515/aep-2017-0026
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.17-23


In the study, environmetric methods were successfully performed a) to explore natural and anthropogenic controls on reservoir water quality, b) to investigate spatial and temporal differences in quality, and c) to determine quality variables discriminating three reservoirs in Izmir, Turkey. Results showed that overall water quality was mainly governed by "natural factors" in the whole region. A parameter that was the most important in contributing to water quality variation for one reservoir was not important for another. Between summer and winter periods, difference in arsenic concentrations were statistically significant in the Tahtali, Urkmez and iron concentrations were in the Balcova reservoirs. Observation of high/low levels in two seasons was explained by different processes as for instance, dilution from runoff at times of high flow seeped through soil and entered the river along with the rainwater run-off and adsorption. Three variables "boron, arsenic and sulphate" discriminated quality among Balcova & Tahtali, Balcova & Urkmez and two variables "zinc and arsenic" among the Tahtali & Urkmez reservoirs. The results illustrated the usefulness of multivariate statistical techniques to fingerprint pollution sources and investigate temporal/spatial variations in water quality.