Chemical Constituents of Heliotropium hirsitutissimum Grauer (Heliotrope) (Sigil otu, Bambil) (Sonnenwende) and Ecotype


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DEMİRAY H. , GEMİCİ M. , YAZICI I. , KARABEY F.

ASIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, cilt.25, ss.3725-3730, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 25 Konu: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.14233/ajchem.2013.13729
  • Dergi Adı: ASIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.3725-3730

Özet

The aim of this study is to examine the chemical constituents of Heliotropium hirsitutissirnum GRAUER naturally spreaded in Denizli and its ecotype spreaded a hotter region in Izmir (Bornova-campus) and to identify them by GC-MS. After the extraction fresh leaves, one alkaloid and a mixture of phenols, essential oils: 2,3- butanediol, 2-3-dimethyl- (CAS) pinacol (other name:tetramethylethylene glycol), phenol, 4-(3-hydroxy-1-propenyl-2-methyl-(CAS) coniferyl alcohol (other name 4-hydroxy-3-inethoxycinnamyl alcohol), 1H-pyrrolizine-7-methanol-2,3,5,7,a-tetrahydro-l-hydroxy-(IS-Cis)- (CAS)=heliotridine, Xycaine$ Aceteamide,2-(diethylamino)-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl) and 2,6,10,14,18,22-tetracosahexaeue (other name: squalene) were identified in the species spreaded naturally in Denizli.Izmir-ecotype gave a mixture of essential oils and phenol 1-hexadecanol; tetracosane acid, butyl 2-Methylpropyl ester, phenol: phenol, 4,4'-(1-methylethylidene)bis-(CAS) 2,2-bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)Propane, ethanol, 2-2'-(1-2-methylpropyl bis-(CAS)triethylene glycol, octadetanoic acid (other name stearic acid), 2-hydroxy-1-(hydroxyinethyl) ethyl ester (CAS) and 2-Monostearin. The main components of the two ecotypes was 1,2-benzene dicarboxylic acid and hexadecanol. The presence of triethylene glycol was found to be as the significant structural difference of Izmir ecotype. These results indicated that the composition of heliotrops highly dependent on the climate conditions.