Radiation induced copolymerization reactivity of different allyl monomers with styrene


YILDIRIM Y. , BALCAN M.

RADIATION PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY, cilt.81, ss.840-845, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 81 Konu: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2012.03.016
  • Dergi Adı: RADIATION PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.840-845

Özet

Radiation induced copolymerizations of electron donating such as allyl phenol (AP) and electron withdrawing such as allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) monomers with styrene (Sty) as a comonomer were studied in order to correlate the electronic behavior with copolymerization yield and molecular weight. The allyl monomers and comonomer were mixed in the same mol ratios under Ar atmosphere and copolymerized by using gamma radiation in various absorbed doses (55, 110, 165 kGy) obtained from a Co-60 source. Poly(AP-co-Sty), and poly(AITC-co-Sty) could have been prepared at all of the absorbed doses. The maximum copolymerization yields were calculated as a 16.35 and 6.52 percent for poly (AP-co-Sty) and poly(AITC-co-Sty), respectively. The molecular weights of poly(AP-co-Sty) copolymers are found to be higher in comparison to those of poly(AITC-co-Sty). Both results indicate that, under the same irradiation conditions, AP is more reactive on styrene than AITC is. Thus, the monomers having electron withdrawing (EW) substituents attached to allyl group may result in better copolymerization yield and molecular weight than those with electron donating (ED) substituents. Thermal stabilities of the poly(AP-co-Sty) copolymers are also higher than those of poly(AITC-co-Sty). (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.