Dietary Intakes and Nutritional Status of a Greek Team of Female Volleyball Players


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Galanis N., Kleftouris G., Alafropatis İ., Oral O. , Tsiridis E., Sayegh F.

Arab Journal of Nutrition and Exercise, vol.1, no.1, pp.1-14, 2016 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.18502/ajne.v1i1.1219
  • Title of Journal : Arab Journal of Nutrition and Exercise
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-14

Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess the dietary intakes and nutritional status of a nationally ranked team of female volleyball players. Methods: The subjects completed a general history questionnaire and 7-day food and physical activity records. Anthropometric measurements included height, weight, triceps and subscapular skinfolds and mid-upper-arm circumference. Biochemical assessment included parameters for protein, lipid, and iron status. Results: All subjects had normal menstrual cycles and body fat values (27 %) at levels higher than for optimum performance. Most were in negative energy balance and had low energy (30 kcal/kg/d), carbohydrate (3.8 g/kg/d) and protein (1.0 g/kg/d) intakes. Fat intakes were high (39 %) and micronutrient intakes were below recommended levels, except for vitamin C, vitamin B12 and niacin. Biochemical indices were normal except for iron and lipid status of some players. Conclusion: These results indicate that the players of this team have dietary intakes that place them at risk for nutritional shortages and compromised performance; they need professional counseling regarding nutrition practices for optimum health and performance.