The neurocognitive nature of children with ADHD comorbid sluggish cognitive tempo: Might SCT be a disorder of vigilance?


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BAYTUNCA b., Inci S. B. , İPÇİ m., KARDAŞ B. , Bolat G. U. , ERCAN E. S.

PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH, vol.270, pp.967-973, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 270
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.psychres.2018.03.038
  • Title of Journal : PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.967-973

Abstract

Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) refers to a clinical construct including several symptoms such as sluggishness, absentmindedness, low energy. In the present study, we compared neurocognitive laboratory outcomes of ADHD children with or without SCT. Method: The CNS Vital Signs Battery was utilized to measure neurocognitive measure of the participants. The SCT + ADHD group comprised of 42 subjects, ADHD group was 41 subjects and control group was 24 subjects. Results: The cognitive flexibility score was found to be more severely impaired in ADHD children with SCT in comparison to the ADHD-only. Additionally, greater deficits in the Shifting Attention Test (p = 0.014) and the Continuous Performance Test (reaction time score, p < 0.01) were found in the SCT + ADHD group relative to ADHD group. Processing speed, visual/auditory memory, psychomotor speed and reaction time were not found to more impaired in those comorbid with SCT. Conclusion: Impairments in the cognitive flexibility and more specifically shifting attention and continuous performance may be indicative of vigilance and orientation problems rather than executive functions for the SCT construct.