Effect of nanostructured ZnO cathode layer on the photovoltaic performance of inverted bulk heterojunction solar cells

Bekci D. R. , Erten-Ela S.

RENEWABLE ENERGY, vol.43, pp.378-382, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.renene.2011.11.048
  • Title of Journal : RENEWABLE ENERGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.378-382


Inverted bulk heterojunction solar cells have recently captured high interest due to their stability and lifetime. The inverted-type configuration protects cells from the damage by oxygen and moisture in air. This has been achieved by the development of solution processable n-type semiconductors. TiO2 and ZnO are mainly used as cathode electrode layers and air stable Au electrode replaces with air sensitive Al electrode in inverted-type solar cells. In this paper, inverted bulk heterojunction solar cells are fabricated based on poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and the N,N'-bis-dehydroabietyl-3,4,9,10-perylene dimide (PDI) materials. Solution processable ZnO cathode layer is used as electron collecting electrode. Bulk heterojunction solar cells are characterized using different blend ratios (1:1, 1:2 and 1:3) of P3HT and PDI. Nanostructured morphologies of P3HT:PDI composite films are investigated by means of Atomic Force Microscopy, which are correlated with device performance. Better device performance is observed in a flat ZnO cathode electrode layer/P3HT:PDI/Gold device configuration with the 1:3 blend ratio of P3HT:PDI film. A poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT)-based inverted bulk heterojunction solar cell using PDI as acceptor is achieved an open-circuit voltage of 350 mV, current density of 0.72 mA/cm(2) leading to a power conversion efficiency (IPCE) of 8.2%. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.