Influence of treated sewage sludge applications on temporal variations of plant nutrients and heavy metals in a Typic Xerofluvent soil

Delibacak S. , Okur B., Ongun A. R.

NUTRIENT CYCLING IN AGROECOSYSTEMS, cilt.83, ss.249-257, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 83 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10705-008-9215-x
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.249-257


The objective of this study is to determine influence of Treated Sewage Sludge (TSS) rates as organic matter and nutrient resource on temporal variations of some macronutrients and micronutrients and heavy metals concentrations in a Typic Xerofluvent soil. The experiment was conducted in Menemen Plain, in the Western Anatolia Region of Turkey in 2003-2005. Moist TSS was added to the soil at the rates of 0, 30, 60 and 90 Mg ha(-1) on May 1, 2003. Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) was planted as the first crop. On the other hand, mixture of green barley (Hordeum vulgare) and common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) was planted as the second crop. During the experiment, soil samples were taken five times. Increasing TSS applications to this soil resulted in significantly increased concentrations of total N, Cu, Pb and Ni, and available P, K, Ca, Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn concentrations in soil. However, concentrations of available Mg and Na, total Fe, Zn, Mn, Cd, Co and Cr in soil did not significantly change. Micronutrients and heavy metals concentrations in soil were found under threshold values in all sampling periods in this study. Available nutrient concentrations in the soil decreased particularly in the last sampling periods because of plant uptake of nutrients from the applied TSS. It is recommended that 90 Mg ha(-1) moist TSS can be added once in a 2-year period for improving nutrient concentrations in Typic Xerofluvent soil.