Low-level laser irradiation at a high power intensity increased human endothelial cell exosome secretion via Wnt signaling


BAGHERİ H. S. , MOUSAVİ M., REZABAKHSH A., REZAİE J., RASTA S. H. , NOURAZARIAN A., ...Daha Fazla

LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE, cilt.33, ss.1131-1145, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 33 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10103-018-2495-8
  • Dergi Adı: LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1131-1145

Özet

The distinct role of low-level laser irradiation (LLLI) on endothelial exosome biogenesis remains unclear. We hypothesize that laser irradiation of high dose in human endothelial cells (ECs) contributes to the modulation of exosome biogenesis via Wnt signaling pathway. When human ECs were treated with LLLI at a power density of 80 J/cm(2), the survival rate reduced. The potential of irradiated cells to release exosomes was increased significantly by expressing genes CD63, Alix, Rab27a, and b. This occurrence coincided with an enhanced acetylcholine esterase activity, pseudopodia formation, and reduced zeta potential value 24 h post-irradiation. Western blotting showed the induction of LC3 and reduced level of P62, confirming autophagy response. Flow cytometry and electron microscopy analyses revealed the health status of the mitochondrial function indicated by normal Delta I activity without any changes in the transcription level of PINK1 and Optineurin. When cells exposed to high power laser irradiation, p-Akt/Akt ratio and in vitro tubulogenesis capacity were blunted. PCR array and bioinformatics analyses showed the induction of transcription factors promoting Wnt signaling pathways and GTPase activity. Thus, LLLI at high power intensity increased exosome biogenesis by the induction of autophagy and Wnt signaling. LLLI at high power intensity increases exosome biogenesis by engaging the transcription factors related to Wnt signaling and autophagy stimulate.