Immobilization of phytase on epoxy-activated Sepabead EC-EP for the hydrolysis of soymilk phytate


Celem E. B. , Onal S.

JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR CATALYSIS B-ENZYMATIC, vol.61, pp.150-156, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 61
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.molcatb.2009.06.001
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR CATALYSIS B-ENZYMATIC
  • Page Numbers: pp.150-156
  • Keywords: Phytase, Immobilization, Sepabead EC-EP, Phytate, Phytate degradation, ALPHA-GALACTOSIDASE, PHYTIC ACID, COVALENT IMMOBILIZATION, PURIFICATION, STABILIZATION, SUPPORT, PHOSPHOHYDROLASES, PHOSPHORUS, PROTEINS, ENZYMES

Abstract

In this work, an active phytase concentrated extract from soybean sprout was immobilized on a polymethacrylate-based polymer Sepabead EC-EP which is activated with epoxy groups. The immobilized enzyme exhibited an activity of 0.1 U/g of carrier and activity yield of 64.7%. The optimum temperature and pH for the activity of both free and immobilized enzymes were found as 60 degrees C and pH 5.0, respectively. The immobilized enzyme was more stable than free enzyme in the range of pH 3.0-8.0 and more than 70% of the original activity was recovered. Both the enzymes completely retained nearly about 84% of their original activity at 65 degrees C. The K-m and V-max values were measured as 5 mM and 0.63 U/mg for free enzyme and 12.5 mM and 0.71 U/mg for immobilized enzyme, respectively. Free and immobilized soybean sprout phytase enzymes were also used in the biodegradation of soymilk phytate. The immobilized enzyme hydrolysed 92.5% of soymilk phytate in 7 h at 60 degrees C, as compared with 98% hydrolysis observed for the native enzyme over the same period of time. The immobilization procedure on Sepabead EC-EP is very cheap and also easy to carry out, and the features of the immobilized enzyme are very attractive that the potential for practical application is considerable. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.