Heavy metal biosorption by biomass of Ochrobactrum anthropi producing exopolysaccharide in activated sludge


Ozdemir G. , OZTURK T. K. , CEYHAN N. , ISLER R., COSAR T.

BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, vol.90, no.1, pp.71-74, 2003 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 90 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0960-8524(03)00088-9
  • Title of Journal : BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.71-74
  • Keywords: waste water treatment, Ochrobactrum anthropi, biosorption, chromium, cadmium, copper, CHROMIUM(VI)

Abstract

The removal of chromium, cadmium and copper, toxic metals of high environmental priority due to their toxicity, from dilute aqueous solutions has been studied in the present work, applying a dead exopolysaccharide producing bacterium, Ochrobactrum anthropi, isolated from activated sludge. Particularly, the effect of pH, metal concentration and the effects of contact time were considered. Optimum adsorption pH values of chromium(VI), cadmium(II) and copper(II) were 2.0, 8.0 and 3.0 respectively. Experimental results also showed the influence of initial metal concentration on the metal uptake for dried biomass. Both the Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption models were suitable for describing the short-term biosorption of chromium(VI), cadmium(II) and copper(II) by O. anthropi. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.