Characterization of fat body cells at different developmental stages of Culex pipiens


Turgay İzzetoğlu G. , Gülmez M.

ACTA HISTOCHEMICA, vol.121, no.4, pp.460-471, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 121 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.acthis.2019.04.002
  • Title of Journal : ACTA HISTOCHEMICA
  • Page Numbers: pp.460-471
  • Keywords: Fat body, Trophocyte, Oenocyte, Histochemistry, Insect, Culex pipiens, AEDES-AEGYPTI, INSECT, VITELLOGENIN, UROCYTES, ENOCYTES

Abstract

The fat body, originates from mesoderm, has many metabolic functions which changes as the embryonic development of the insect progresses. It plays an important role in the intermediate metabolism and in the metabolism of proteins, lipids and carbohydrates. It has roles in synthesis, absorption and storage of nutrients from hemolymph. It is also responsible for the production of immunological system components, antibacterial compounds and blood clotting proteins. The most common type of fat body cells are trophocytes (the basic cells of the fat body) and oenocytes are found associated with the fat body. In this study, it is aimed at determining the cell types contained in the fat body of Culex pipiens at different developmental stages as well as identifying the molecules such as carbohydrate, protein and lipid contained in each of these cells. Knowing the regional distribution of the fat body cells and the concentration of its content at each developmental stage is important in understanding the process related to its physiology and it may help in fighting against the pest C. pipiens, which is a vector species for many contagious diseases observed in humans and other species.