Comparison of mechanical properties of epoxy composites reinforced with stitched glass and carbon fabrics: Characterization of mechanical anisotropy in composites and investigation on the interaction between fiber and epoxy matrix


Cecen V., SARIKANAT M. , YILDIZ H. , Tavman I. H.

POLYMER COMPOSITES, cilt.29, ss.840-853, 2008 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 29 Konu: 8
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/pc.20458
  • Dergi Adı: POLYMER COMPOSITES
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.840-853

Özet

The primary purpose of the study is to evaluate and compare the mechanical properties of epoxy-based composites having different fiber reinforcements. Glass and carbon fiber composite laminates were manufactured by vacuum infusion of epoxy resin into two commonly used noncrimp stitched fabric (NCF) types: unidirectional and biaxial fabrics. The effects of geometric variables on composite structural integrity and strength were illustrated. Hence, tensile and three-point bending flexural tests were conducted up to failure on specimens strengthened with different layouts of fibrous plies in NCF. In this article, an important practical problem in fibrous composites, interlaminar shear strength as measured in short beam shear test, is discussed. The fabric composites were tested in three directions: at 0 degrees, 45 degrees, and 90 degrees. In addition to the extensive efforts in elucidating the variation in the mechanical properties of noncrimp glass and carbon fabric reinforced laminates, the work presented here focuses, also, on the type of interactions that are established between fiber and epoxy matrix. The experiments, in conjunction with scanning electron photomicrographs of fractured surfaces of composites, were interpreted in an attempt to explain the failure mechanisms in the composite laminates broken in tension.