The effects of different body shapes on size selectivity were analysed. Relationships between total length and fork length, height, width and girth were estimated and the selectivity parameters of a 44 mm PE diamond mesh codend determined for common pandora (Pagellus erythrinus) and axillary sea bream (Pagellus acarne). Two data sets were collected during demersal trawl trials carried out in Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea) between May 1996 and February 1997. Regression analyses were used to determine the relationships between total length and other measured dimensions of the species. However, selectivity parameters were estimated from pooled data by using the logistic equation with the maximum likelihood method. Fork length, height, width and girth were found to increase linearly with total length for both species (R-2 > 0.90, except TL-W for axillary sea bream, 0.76). Ratios of average body thickness (W/H) were 0.45 (+/- 0.002) for common pandora and 0.52 (+/- 0.002) for axillary sea bream. L-50 and SR values were found as 12.4 (+/- 0.44) and 2.2 (+/- 0.51) from the eight valid hauls for common pandora and as 13.6 (+/- 0.13) and 1.9 (+/- 0.26) from the three valid hauls for axillary sea bream, respectively. The difference between the size selectivity of the two species in the same family can be explained by the body shape and fish behaviour distinctions.