Future Direction and Opportunities of Horticultural Research


Tüzel Y. , Bertschinger L.

Chronica Horticulture, cilt.60, ss.9-19, 2020 (Hakemsiz Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 60 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Dergi Adı: Chronica Horticulture
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.9-19

Özet

Horticulture is the art and science of the culture of plants such as fruits, nuts, berries, vegetables, ornamentals and medicinal and aromatic plants for food, beauty, utility, comfort, health and therapy. The history of horticulture dates back more than 10,000 years. The contribution of horticultural production and the related value chain to economy is considerable and growing. Horticultural export values are increasing. Horticulture is critical to the health and quality of human life and society at large. It has gained particular recognition in recent years due to the positive effects of its commodities on balanced nutrition and human well-being. Horticultural production combats hidden hunger. Marketable fruits and vegetables contribute decisively to a healthy life and high quality living standard. Their sustainable production and successful marketing require highly specialised technologies managed by competent value chain actors. In the past, applied research often concentrated on individually defined problems, usually without taking a system view into account, and thus made possible problem solutions that led to impressive gains in plant production. But now holistic solutions are required, because in the globalized world the decisive importance of the complex relations of individual problems with their context has become increasingly evident and tangible. Solutions must be developed while involving stakeholders and keeping the entire value chain context in mind. Thematically, major goals must continue to address sustainability, and the resilience and agility of production systems while drastically increasing the efficient use and re-use of the ever more limited resource base. To reach these ambitious goals, transdisciplinary problem solving in multi-actor settings is needed, which requires appropriate practicable methodologies. These methods must be developed to enable researchers and directors to cope with the requirements of the systems-based approach. Our Society is a global network that promotes and encourages research and education for all branches of horticultural science. We facilitate cooperation and knowledge exchange. We advocate for the changes needed to achieve the sustainable development goals of the United Nations (SDG). The ISHS makes a positive contribution to the SDG.