Background: The present study aimed to explore the relationship between maternal adaptation and breastfeeding selfefficacy, and examine factors associated with breastfeeding self-efficacy mothers after childbirth.
Methods: The study data were collected using the Self-Description Form for Mothers, Postpartum Self-Evaluation Questionnaire(PPSEQ), Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale Short-Form(BSES-SF), and Breastfeeding and Breast Problems Evaluation Form.
Results: The present study found that 58.2% and 37.7% of the mothers had Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale ShortForm mean scores below 50 at postpartum weeks first and eighth, respectively. The mothers’ postpartum breastfeeding self-efficacy scale and postpartum self-evaluation scale scores, a statistically significant negative moderate relationship was observed during the first and eighth postpartum weeks. The following parameters were found to linearly increase the breastfeeding self-efficacy scores at postpartum first week: mothers’ planned period of breastfeeding on postpartum first week, method of baby feeding, satisfaction with one’s breastfeeding performance, breastfeeding and formulafeeding at sixth month, and the PPSEQ mean score.
Conclusion: Health care professionals and mothers should be aware of all of the factors influencing their perception of self-efficacy and respond accordingly.
Keywords: Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy, Baby Feeding, Postpartum Adaptation