As disciplines such as modern linguistics, structuralism, semiotics, narratology, pragmatics developed in 20(th) century, some big changes occurred in social sciences. Western World reflected the new knowledge, method and perspectives which were brought about by the disciplines mentioned above into their education program in a way that students can understand. But unfortunately, these innovations and changes weren't completely foreseen in Turkey. The aim of this study is to exhibit the outlines of emerged changes in literature study and education in a descriptive way and then offer some suggestions about the new Turkish literature curriculum and education. (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.