Age, Length-Weight Relationships and Diet Composition of Scaldfish Arnoglossus laterna (Walbaum, 1792) (Pisces: Bothidae) in Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea)


Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, vol.7, no.8, pp.924-929, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
  • Page Numbers: pp.924-929


The age, length-weight relationship and diet composition of Arnoglossus laterna from the Izmir Bay were examined in specimens caught on a seasonal basis from January 2002 to March 2003. The ratio of male to female of 1081 scaldfish captured by trawl netting was 1:1.62 and their total lengths varied from 5.6-15.7 cm and total weights from 1.2-31.51 g. The length-weight relationships were estimated as W = 0.0035 L(3.301); W = 0.0066 L(3.043); W = 0.0073 L(3.011) for females, for males and for all individuals, respectively. Based on the otolith readings, the age distribution of the samples varied from I to V years. The von Bertalanffy growth parameters were calculated to be L = 16.87 cm, k = 0.236 year(-1), t(0) = -0.887 year. Stomach contents of A. laterna were filled with preys of 5 major taxonomical groups: Polychaeta, Crustacea, Mollusea, Chaetognatha and Teleostei. A total of 11 prey groups were identified in the diets of scaldfish, with most abundant crustaceans. According to a Bray-Curtis similarity index in relation to ages, two groups are formed based on index percentage of relative importance of food item; I-II age groups constituted the first similarity and III-IV-V the second one.