The feasibility of using nucleic acid probes directly from positive MB/BacT broth to identify mycobacteria was determined in this study, A total number of 2,727 specimens,were cultured into the MB/BacT. (Organon Teknika) automated system and on conventional Loweinstein-Jensen ttl slants, The Gen-Probe AccuProbe culture identification tests (IDNA probes) were used on samples from bottles which were identified as positive for mycobacteria by MB/BacT. Samples of positive MB/BacT broth (0.1 ml) were used directly in the broth culture method for the DNA probes as published by Gen-Probe. Centrifugation of the contents of the bottle was not done prior to probe testing, The number of mycobacteria detected by MB/BacT and LJ was 253 (221 isolates of M. tuberculosis and 32 isolates of mycobacteria other than M. tuberculosis [MOTT]). A total of 96.4% (213 of 221) of the bottles growing M. tuberculosis produced a positive direct DNA probe result for M. tuberculosis complex, One hundred percent (16 of 16) of the bottles growing dl. gordonac produced a positive direct DNA probe result for M. gordonae, A total of 3.6% (8 of 221) of the bottles growing dl. tuberculosis did not yield a positive direct DNA probe result for M. tuberculosis complex. The testing of subcultures mode onto solid media from the positive bottles by AccuProbe identified six of these eight;li. tuberculosis isolates. Two (0.9%) M. tuberculosis isolates gave a negative result for the. M. tuberculosis probe test applied on the MB/BacT broth and its subculture. The rest of the positive MB/BacT bottles growing MOTT (16 of 32) were negative for M. gordonae, M. avium, M. intracellulare, and M. kansasii probes. The sensitivity and specificity of AccuProbe for the identification of M. tuberculosis and M. gordonae directly from MB/BacT broth were 96.4 and 100% for M. tuberculosis and 100 and 100% for M. gordonae, respectively. The direct testing of positive MB/BacT broth by AccuProbe, without prior centrifugation, allows for the accurate and rapid identification of M. tuberculosis and M. gordonae.